“Best Available Techniques” (BAT) and “Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Costs” (BATNEEC) are based on commonly applied, judgement-based principles to assess whether risk controls/barriers are sufficient to manage an environmental impact.

BATNEEC was introduced with the European 1984 Air Framework Directive and is only one example of commonly applied, criteria-based approaches to manage environmental risk towards acceptable levels.

Principles are generally regulatory-based and include Best Available Control Technology (BACT), introduced by the US EPA, or Best Available Technology (BAT), introduced in Europe by OSPAR.

Source: IOGP Report No. 510, Operating Management System Framework for controlling risk and delivering high performance in the oil and gas industry, International Association of Oil & Gas Producers, June 2014. Global Standards

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