Freedom of the High Seas

The high seas are open to all States, whether coastal or land locked. Freedom of the high seas is exercised under the conditions laid down by this Convention and by other rules of international law. It comprises, inter alia, both for coastal and land-locked States:

  1. freedom of navigation;
  2. freedom of overflight;
  3. freedom to lay submarine cables and pipelines, subject to Part VI;
  4. freedom to construct artificial islands and other installations permitted under international law, subject to Part VI;
  5. freedom of fishing, subject to the conditions laid down in section 2;
  6. freedom of scientific research, subject to Parts VI and XIII.

Source: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982. Legislation 

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