Independent means that a piping or venting system, for example, is in no way connected to another system and that there are no provisions available for the potential connection to other systems.

Source: Resolution MEPC.119(52), 2004 amendments to the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code), 15 October 2004. Regulatory guidance, International Maritime Organization



For the purposes of paragraph (6) and regulations 19 and 20, a person shall be regarded as independent only where—

  1. his function will not involve the consideration by him of an aspect, of a thing liable to be examined, for which he bears or has borne such responsibility as might compromise his objectivity; and
  2. he will be sufficiently independent of a management system, or of a part thereof, which bears or has borne any responsibility for an aspect of which he might consider, of a thing liable to be examined, to ensure that he will be objective in discharging his function

Source: The Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005, UK S.I. 2005/3117, 2005. Regulations



In these regulations, a person is independent in the exercise of a function if—
(a) the function does not involve the examination of any thing for which the person has or has had a level of responsibility that could compromise the person’s objectivity; or
(b) the function involves the examination of a thing and the person—
(i) is sufficiently independent of and separate from the line management of the thing to ensure that the person will be objective in the exercise of his or her function; and
(ii) is sufficiently free from any influence that could compromise the person’s independence, including influence of an operational or financial nature.

Source: Health and Safety in Employment (Petroleum Exploration and Extraction) Regulations 2013, SR 2013/208, New Zealand, as of May 2013. Regulations

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